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Tiflis Governorate

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Template:Infobox Russian governorate Tiflis Governorate (Old Russian: Тифлисская губернiя; Template:Lang-ka) was one of the guberniyas of the Russian Empire with its centre in Tiflis (present-day Tbilisi, capital of Georgia). In 1897 it constituted 44,607 sq. kilometres in area and had a population of 1,051,032 inhabitants.[1] The governorate used to border Elisabethpol Governorate, Erivan Governorate, Kutaisi Governorate, Zakatali okrug, Dagestan Oblast, Terek Oblast, and Kars Oblast. It was covered present southeastern Goergia, northern Armenia and northwestern Azerbaijan.

Tiflis Governorate was established in 1848 along with the Kutaisi Governorate, after the dissolution of the Georgia-Imeretia Governorate. In 1860 and 1868 parts of the Tiflis were used to form Elisabethpol Governorate and Dagestan Oblast. The governorate lasted in these boundaries for 50 years, until the Democratic Republic of Georgia was founded.[2]

Administrative divisionsEdit

Tiflis Governorate consisted of the following uyezds:[1]

DemographicsEdit

As of 1897, 1,051,032 lived in the governorate, with around 20% of them being urban. Ethnic Georgians constituted 44.3% of the population, followed by Armenians (18.7%), Azeris (10.2%), Russians (including Ukrainians and Old Believers, 9.7%), Ossetians (6.4%), Avars (3.2%), Greeks (2.6%), Turks (2.4%), etc. More than half of the population adhered to Eastern Orthodox Christianity with significant Muslim, Catholic and Jewish minorities.[1]

Ethnic groups in 1897 [3] Edit

Uyezd Georgians Armenians Tatars Russians Ossetians Avars Greeks Turks Ukrainians Poles Germans Jews Kurds Chechens Dargins Lezgins
TOTAL 44,3% 18,7% 10,2% 7,5% 6,4% 3,2% 2,6% 2,4% ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...
Akhalkalaki 8,9% 72,3% 9,0% 7,1% ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 1,1% ... ... ...
Akhaltsikhe 17,7% 22,0% 18,0% 2,5% ... ... ... 35,1% ... ... ... ... 2,0% ... ... ...
Borchali 6,1% 36,9% 29,4% 6,3% ... ... 16,6% ... ... ... 1,9% ... ... ... ... ...
Gori 65,0% 4,0% ... 2,8% 26,2% ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...
Dusheti 73,4% 2,5% ... 1,4% 21,4% ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...
Zakatala 14,7% 2,5% 34,4% ... 37,6% ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 8,8% 1,2%
Signakhi 82,9% 6,2% 5,2% 4,3% ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...
Telavi 85,9% 7,1% 2,8% 1,0% ... 2,6% ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...
Tianeti 88,7% 1,6% ... 1,9% ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 6,2% ... ...
Tiflis 34,2% 24,7% 5,9% 22,1% ... ... 1,9% ... 1,5% 2,1% 2,3% 1,4% ... ... ... ...

Known governorsEdit

  • Sergei Yermolov, 1847–1849
  • Ivan Andronnikov (Andronikashvili), 1849–1855
  • Nikolai Lukash, 1855–1857
  • Alexander Kapker, 1858–1860
  • Konstantin Orlovsky, 1860–1876
  • Maxim Osten-Sacken, 1876–1878
  • Konstantin Gagarin, 1878–1883
  • Alexander Grossman, 1883–1887
  • Karl Zisserman, 1887–1889
  • Giorgi Shervashidze, 1889–1897
  • Fiodor Bykov, 1897–1899
  • Ivan Svechin, 1899–1905
  • Paulus Rausch von Traubenberg, 1905–1907
  • Mikhail Lozina-Lozinsky, 1907–1911
  • Andrei Cherniavsky, 1911–1914
  • Ivan Strakhovsky, 1914–1916
  • Alexander Mandrika, 1916–1917 (acting)[4]

ReferencesEdit

Template:Coord missingar:محافظة تيفليس az:Tiflis quberniyası es:Gubernia de Tiflis eo:Tiflisa Gubernio fr:Gouvernement de Tiflis hy:Թիֆլիսի գուբերնիա it:Governatorato di Tbilisi he:פלך טביליסי ka:თბილისის გუბერნია nl:Gouvernement Tiflis ru:Тифлисская губерния fi:Tbilisin kuvernementti sv:Tiflis (guvernement) zh:第比利斯省

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