Josef Stalin
Иосиф Виссарионович Сталин Invalid language code.
იოსებ ბესარიონის ძე სტალინი Invalid language code.
Stalin at the Berlin Conference, 1945
General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
In office
3 April 1922 – 16 October 1952
Preceded by Vyacheslav Molotov
(as Responsible Secretary)
Succeeded by Nikita Khrushchev
(office reestablished)
Chairman of the Council of Ministers
In office
6 May 1941 – 5 March 1953
First Deputies Nikolai Voznesensky
Vyacheslav Molotov
Preceded by Vyacheslav Molotov
Succeeded by Georgy Malenkov
People's Commissar for Defense of the Soviet Union
In office
19 July 1941 – 25 February 1946
Premier Himself
Preceded by Semyon Timoshenko
Succeeded by Nikolai Bulganin
after vacancy
In office
3 April 1922 – 5 March 1953
Full member of the Presidium
In office
25 March 1919 – 5 March 1953
Member of the Orgburo
In office
16 January 1919 – 5 March 1953
Personal details
Born 18 1878(1878-Template:MONTHNUMBER-18)
Gori, Tiflis Governorate, Russian Empire
Died 5 1953(1953-Template:MONTHNUMBER-05) (aged 74)
Kuntsevo Dacha near Moscow, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
Resting place Kremlin Wall Necropolis, Moscow, Russian Federation
Nationality Soviet
Political party Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Spouse(s) Ekaterina Svanidze (1906–1907)
Nadezhda Alliluyeva (1919–1932)
Children Yakov Dzhugashvili, Vasily Dzhugashvili, Svetlana Alliluyeva
Religion None (atheist)
Military service
Allegiance Soviet Union
Service/branch Soviet Armed Forces
Years of service 1943–1953
Rank Marshal of the Soviet Union (1943–1945)
Generalissimus of the Soviet Union (1945–1953)
Commands All (supreme commander)
Battles/wars World War II

Early lifeEdit

Revolution, Civil War, and Polish-Soviet WarEdit

Role during the Russian Revolution of 1917Edit

Role in the Russian Civil War, 1917–1919Edit

Role in the Polish-Soviet War, 1919–1921Edit

Rise to powerEdit

Changes to Soviet society, 1927–1939Edit

Bolstering Soviet secret service and intelligenceEdit

Cult of personalityEdit

Purges and deportationsEdit

Purges and executionsEdit

Population transferEdit



Ukrainian famineEdit



Social servicesEdit




Calculating the number of victimsEdit

World War II, 1939–1945Edit

Pact with HitlerEdit

Implementing the division of Eastern Europe and other invasionsEdit

Hitler breaks the pactEdit

Soviets stop the GermansEdit

Soviet push to GermanyEdit

Final victoryEdit

Nobel Peace Prize nominationsEdit

Questionable tacticsEdit

Allied conferences on post-war EuropeEdit

Post-war era, 1945–1953Edit

The Iron Curtain and the Eastern BlocEdit

Sino-Soviet relationsEdit

North KoreaEdit


Falsifiers of HistoryEdit

Domestic supportEdit

"Doctors' plot"Edit

Death and aftermathEdit

Later analysis of deathEdit

Reaction by successorsEdit

Views on Stalin in the Russian FederationEdit

Personal lifeEdit

Origin of name, nicknames and pseudonymsEdit


Marriages and familyEdit